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(4 pages total)

Page 4 - Neijia FAQ

Although traditionally, Xingyi practice contains no formal sparring forms, it proved its martial worth in Chinese boxing competitions. Xingyi practitioners won competitions in Nanjing in 1928, Shanghai in 1929, Hangzhou in 1929, and Nanjing in 1933. Numerous legends exist about Xingyi masters easily defeating numerous opponents, even some about masters who could injure others by simply touching them lightly.

The 5 Element Fists

According to traditional Chinese medical theory, five energies (Fire, Water, Wood, Earth, Metal) balance the internal organs and flow of energy within the body. Xingyiquan uses 5 hand techniques that move the energy along paths of force or power. These are:


  • Chopping/Spiltting Fist (Pi Quan) related to the metal element

  • Drilling Fist (Zuan Quan) relating to the water element

  • Crushing Fist (Beng Quan) relating to the wood element

  • Pounding Fist (Pao Quan) relating to the fire element

  • Crossing Fist (Heng Quan) relating the the earth element.

  • The 12 Animal Forms

    The twelve styles represent twelve kinds of animals that come from the heaven and earth. These animals include, but are not limited to:


  • Tiger Form (Hu Xing)

  • Monkey Form (Hou Xing)

  • Horse Form (Ma Xing)

  • Water Lizard Form (Tuo Xing)

  • Chicken Form (Ji Xing)

  • Hawk Form (Yao Xing)

  • Swallow Form (Yan Xing)

  • Snake Form (She Xing)

  • Tai Bird Form (Tai Xing)

  • Eagle Form (Ying Xing)

  • Bear Form (Xiong Xing)

  • San Ti

    Probably, the most important posture in any Xingyiquan training is the Trinity Posture or "San Ti". It is done by holding a static standing posture with ams in the air. Classical Xingyi schools hold the Pi Quan posture (chopping/splitting fist), others modify it slightly. One branch of Xingyiquan build its entire framework on this practice, creating the unique neijia art of YiChuan (I-Chuan).

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